The War on Terror and Afghanistan

2001 - present

On 11 September 2001, terrorists used hijacked civilian airliners to destroy the World Trade Centre in New York and to damage the Pentagon in Washington. Americans reacted with disbelief and anger at this attack. The United States and its allies formed the International Coalition Against Terrorism and launched a war against Afghanistan, the main stronghold of the Islamic terrorist group, Al-Quaida, the group responsible 9/11. The Taliban government of Afghanistan, which supported Al-Quaida, was overthrown. Afghans and US and Coalition allies entered the capital, Kabul, on 13 November 2001.

The idea of terrorism is very old. Today the fear is that terrorists will soon wield much more than daggers: not only guns and bombs, but chemical, biological, or even nuclear weapons. Or, as the hijackers of 11 September 2001 showed, weapons as humble as daggers – in their case, craft knives – can be used to turn the complex infrastructure of civilised society against itself: a civilian airliner can also be a devastating weapon of destruction.

Australia has provided military support to the coalition under the ANZUS treaty. This has included SAS and regular Army troops in Afghanistan itself; Boeing 707 refuelling aircraft based in Kyrgyzstan; and F/A-18 Hornets based at Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean. In addition, RAN frigates Sydney, Adelaide, Canberra and Newcastle and amphibious troopships Kanimbla and Manoora provided support to the coalition.

ADF Personnel Wounded in Action

Year
2002-2004 4
2005 2
2006 10
2007 19
2008 26
2009 37
2010 65 (64 soldiers and 1 sailor)
2011 50
2012  33 (32 soldiers and 1 sailor) 
2013  15 (14 soldiers and I airman) 
Total 261 (258 soldiers, 2 sailors and 1 airman) as at 28 October 2013

ADF Personnel Deployed to Afgahistan and Killed In Action

SGT Andrew Russell, SASR, died of wounds sustained when his patrol vehicle struck a anti-tank mine on 16 February, 2002.
TPR David Pearce, 2/14 LHR QMI, was killed when his ASLAV was struck by an IED on 8 October, 2007.
SGT Matthew Locke MG, SASR, was killed by Taliban insurgent small-arms fire on 25 October, 2007
PTE Luke Worsley, 4RAR(Cdo), was killed by Taliban insurgent small-arms fire on 23 November, 2007.
LCPL Jason Marks, 4RAR(Cdo), was killed by Taliban insurgent small-arms fire on 27 April, 2008.
SIG Sean McCarthy, SASR, was killed when the vehicle he was travelling in was struck by an IED on 8 July, 2008.
LT Michael Fussell, 4RAR(Cdo), was killed when struck by an IED during a dismounted patrol on 27 November, 2008.
PTE Gregory Sher, 1st Commonado Regiment, was killed in a rocket attack on 4 January, 2009.
CPL Mathew Hopkins, 7th Battalion, The Royal Aust. Regiment, was killed during an engagement with the Taliban on 16 March, 2009.
SGT Brett Till, Incident Response Regiment, was killed by an explosion during a route clearance task on 19 March, 2009.
PTE Benjamin Ranaudo, 1st Battalion, The Royal Aust. Regiment was killed as a result of an IED on 18 July, 2009.
Sapper Jacob Moerland, 2nd Combat Engineer Regiment was killed as a result of an Improvised Explosive Device strike on 7 June 2010.
Sapper Darren Smith, 2nd Combat Engineer Regiment died of wounds sustained during an Improvised Explosive Device strike on 7 June 2010.
Private Timothy Aplin, 2nd Commando Regiment died as a result of a helicopter crash on 21 June 2010.
Private Scott Palmer, 2nd Commando Regiment died as a result of a helicopter crash on 21 June 2010.
Private Benjamin Chuck, 2nd Commando Regiment died of wounds sustained in a helicopter crash on 21 June 2010.
Private Nathan Bewes, 6th Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment was killed as a result of an Improvised Explosive Device on 9 July 2010.
Trooper Jason Brown, SASR, died as a result of gunshot wounds sustained in an engagement with insurgents on 13 August 2010.
Private Tomas Dale, 6th Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment was killed as a result of an Improvised Explosive Device strike on 20 August 2010.
Private Grant Kirby, 6th Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment was killed as a result of an Improvised Explosive Device strike on 20 August 2010.
Lance Corporal Jared MacKinney, 6th Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, was killed during an engagement with insurgents on 24 August 2010.
Corporal Richard Atkinson, 1st Combat Engineer Regiment, was killed as a result of an Improvised Explosive Device strike on 2 February 2011.
Sapper Jamie Larcombe, 1st Combat Engineer Regiment, was killed during an engagement with insurgents on 19 February 2011.
Sergeant Brett Wood MG DSM, 2nd Commando Regiment, was killed by an Improvised Explosive Device during a dismounted patrol on 23 May 2011.
Lance Corporal Andrew Jones, 9th Force Support Battalion, died of wounds as a result of a small-arms fire incident on 30 May 2011.
Lieutenant Marcus Case, 6th Aviation Regiment, died of wounds sustained in a helicopter crash on 30 May 2011.
Sapper Rowan Robinson, Incident Response Regiment, died as a result of gunshot wounds sustained in an engagement with insurgents on 06 June 2011.
Sergeant Todd Langley, 2nd Commando Regiment, was killed during an engagement with insurgents on 4 July 2011.
Private Matthew Lambert, 2nd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, died of wounds as a result of an Improvised Explosive Device strike on 22 August 2011.
Captain Bryce Duffy, 4th Regiment, Royal Australian Artillery, was killed as a result of a small-arms incident on 29 October 2011.
Corporal Ashley Birt, 6th Engineer Support Regiment, was killed as a result of a small-arms incident on 29 October 2011.
Lance Corporal Luke Gavin, 2nd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment died of wounds as a result of a small-arms incident on 29 October 2011.
Sergeant Blaine Flower Diddams MG, from the Special Air Service Regiment was killed during a small-arms engagement with insurgents on 02 July 2012.
Sapper James Martin, 2nd Combat Engineer Regiment was killed as a result of a small-arms incident on 29 August 2012.
Lance Corporal Stjepan Milosevic, 2nd/14th Light Horse Regiment (QM1), was killed as a result of a small-arms incident on 29 August 2012.
Private Robert Poate, 6th Battalion, the Royal Australian Regiment was killed as a result of a small-arms incident on 29 August 2012.
Private Nathanael Galagher, 2nd Commando Regiment was killed in a helicopter crash on 30 August 2012.
Lance Corporal Mervyn McDonald, 2nd Commando Regiment was killed in a helicopter crash on 30 August 2012.
Corporal Scott Smith, Special Operations Engineer Regiment, was killed as a result of an Improvised Explosive Device on 21 October 2012.
Corporal Cameron Stewart Baird VC MG, 2nd Commando Regiment was killed on operations in Afghanistan on 22 June 2013.
Lance Corporal Todd Chidgey, 2nd Commando Regiment, died in a non-combat related incident in Afghanistan on 1 July 2014.
* Figures provided by the Department of Defence -  www.defence.gov.au/vale/